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Ophthalmologists are physicians who specialize in comprehensive vision and eye care. In the United States, in order to become an ophthalmologist, the practitioner must complete four years of college, four years of medical school, and an additional four to five years of specialized training. Ophthalmologists are the only eye care practitioners who can prescribe glasses and contact lenses, provide treatment and manage the prevention of medical disorders of the eye, and perform surgeries.