Diabetes and the Link to Heart Attack and Stroke
But disease may be controlled with proper medical oversight and a healthier lifestyle
November may be designated as Diabetes Awareness Month, but most people already know a friend or family member, or several, afflicted with the disease. To many, diabetes is simply referred to as the “sugar disease” and it ends there. But that paints too simple a picture to be aware of other health ailments to which this complex “sugar disease” contributes.
According to Saint Mary’s Regional Health System, diabetes not only plays havoc with many of the body’s organs, it significantly increases the chances of heart disease and stroke.
People with diabetes are twice as likely as someone who does not have the disease to have a heart attack or stroke. Some studies suggest that the chance of a diabetic having a heart attack is as high as someone without diabetes who has already had one heart attack.
According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), in 2011 25.8 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes. That represents almost 8.3 percent of the entire population. Of those, it is estimated that only 18.8 million have been actually been diagnosed by a doctor. That means there’s almost 7 million who currently have the disease but have not seen a doctor or received an official diagnosis. Even more sobering is the fact that the ADA estimates that almost 79 million people have conditions that put them in the “pre-diabetic” category, meaning they are much more likely to have the fully manifested disease unless they make some necessary medical choices and live healthier lifestyles.
Simply put, diabetes is a disorder of the way the human body uses digested food for energy. Most food eaten is broken down into glucose, which is a form of sugar in the blood and the body’s main source of “fuel.” People who have diabetes do so because the pancreas, a large gland located behind the stomach, does not make enough of the hormone insulin to allow the glucose to enter the body’s cells, or the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat do not use insulin properly, or both. If that happens, the amount of glucose in the blood increases while cells are starved of energy.
Over time, high glucose levels can cause excessive deposits of fatty materials on the insides of blood vessel walls affecting blood flow. Naturally, the heart can be damaged by this condition leading to complications such heart disease. Similarly, blood vessels in the brain can also be damaged leading to an increased risk of stroke.
The important thing is get regular checkups from your doctor and manage the insulin levels in the body to help reduce the damage diabetes causes. Risk factors to look for include a family history of diabetes or heart disease, obesity, high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and smoking.
For better health in addition to regular checkups, a diet of “heart healthy” foods is recommended, which includes higher fiber intake, a reduction of saturated fat, and foods lower in cholesterol.
Physical activity should be part of your daily routine. Along with healthier eating, physical activity helps us reach and maintain a more ideal body weight.
It also goes without saying that quitting smoking will greatly improve your health outlook.
Under medical supervision of a doctor and a bit of self-discipline, diabetes can often be controlled through the use of medication, diet and lifestyle changes, meaning a longer life with quality. For more information about diabetes in relation to heart attack and stroke, visit www.diabetes.org